What Is Psychological Stress and How to Manage It

What Is Psychological Stress and How to Manage It

There seems to be no doubt that stressful situations are common for any human being. It becomes possible for an individual to struggle against the external and internal dangers with the help of this specific psychological response. Needless to say, that there are some basic stages of stress development. First, it is possible to define the pre-stress stage of the reaction. During this phase, an individual does not think about the potential problem. For example, a person drives a car and listens to a song playing loud.

The second step of the stress development is associated with an alarm stage. An individual gets a signal from some stressor, which starts the process of the responsiveness. Thus, a person notices that the small child is straight on the car’s path. The nervous system of an individual sends specific signals to the brain in order to inform about the existing stimulus. Accordingly, the primary reaction of an individual towards the stressor begins, which is beneficial for the survival of all human beings.

The next step is mostly subconscious. All body resources are accumulated in order to make a response to the stressor. The heart beat significantly increases and an individual begins to breath faster. At the same time, the mind starts to analyze the possible primary solutions for the situation. An individual does not think about the reasons of a stressor rather than about the methods to overcome a problem. In the current example, the driver automatically presses on the brake.

The resistance stage unites all the reactions of an individual on the stressor. In some cases, it is not possible to solve the problem automatically due to the long-term impact of a stressor. Accordingly, the exhaustion stage could begin. Michael Olpin (Olpin 2015) states that is crucial to start the rational analysis of the reasons for a stressor appearance to avoid the exhaustion. The driver needs to switch off the loud music in order not to distract from driving. The analytical stage is the next step in the process of the effective stress management. An individual makes a rational study to understand the pros and cons of each mitigation strategy. The final step is to implement the necessary decision and minimize the risk of a stressor appearance in future.

There seems to be no doubt that one of the most stressful situations at work is usually connected with missed deadlines. It is very hard for many individuals today to avoid procrastination and follow the plan in order to cope with the task in time. Consequently, the fear to miss the deadline results in the constant stress. In the long-term period, the exhaustion of the employees becomes inevitable. It is almost impossible for both managers and employees to overcome the procrastination issue without the strategy of the stress management intervention.

The first step in the process of stress management is to change the tasks with the help of the accurate planning. It is impossible to miss the deadline in case if the entire task is divided into the system of different sub-tasks, which are regularly done by an individual. Moreover, it is easier to control the implementation of the tasks with the help of the daily schedule. According to Don Hellriegel (Hellriegel 2011), planning is fundamental for the timely performance of the long-term tasks.

The second step is to ensure the organization of the working teams. It is evident that modern corporations try to hire charismatic leaders as motivators and inspirers of the employees. A leader helps to overcome the problem of procrastination and follow the plan. Furthermore, the use of charisma makes it easier for an employee to focus on the tasks and participate in the life of a company. With the help of these two steps, it is possible to reduce the negative impact of the missed deadline stressor on the employees.

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Hellriegel, Don, Slocum, John. (2011). Organization Behavior. Mason, Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning. 672.

Olpin, Michael, Hesson, Margie. (2015). Stress Management for Life: A Research-Based Experimental Approach. Wadsworth Publishing. 432.