Unification Of North And South Korea Essay

Unification Of North And South Korea Essay

The current paper aims to analyze the probability of the unification of North and South Korea into the single state. Evidently, some people highlight the importance of this political decision due to the potential danger of the nuclear message misuse by North Korea’s leaders. However, it is fair to suggest that South and North Korea will not be unified due to the several reasons.

First, there exists a huge gap between the economic development of the two countries. North Korea follows the principles of the planned economy. The country survives in conditions of the limited resources. At the same time, the industry is focused on the military needs. On the other hand, the economy of South Korea is mostly liberal. There are many transnational corporations, such as Samsung, which play a huge role in the development of the local and global economy. Needless to say, that it is impossible to bring these two systems together. Thus, people in North Korea are not prepared for the development of business projects in conditions of severe competition. On the other hand, the implementation of the planned economy as the fundamental economic model of the new unified state is absolutely irrational due to the shortcomings of this model. In such case, the unification of the two countries will inevitably lead to the long-term economic stagnation and even humanitarian crisis.

Second, the social situation in both countries is almost opposite. Unfortunately, the citizens of North Korea experience the negative outcomes of the totalitarian regime. They live in fear of punishment. The leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un is obsessed with power. As a result, any word against authority leads to the immediate death penalty. North Korea’s people do not have an access to the Internet. They live in the virtual reality created by their government. For example, Kim Jong-un announced the victory of the football team at the World Cup in spite of the fact that North Korea lost all matches. It means that the citizens of North Korea are not ready for the immediate democratization. They seriously depend on the decision of authority. It could be dangerous for their mental state to give them an absolute freedom of choice.

On the other hand, South Korea is a democratic country. People have the power to make free decisions. They vote for the government and live in accordance with many Western principles of self-development. Consequently, it is impossible to establish a totalitarian government to unify the two countries because the entire nation will experience the negative outcomes of this solution.

Another essential problem is connected with the history of relations between the two countries. In the 1950s, there was a Korean war between South and North Korea. It lasted for more than 3 years. The number of total civilians killed exceeded 2.5 million of people. It is rational to suggest that many people consider the citizens of the neighboring country as enemies. Consequently, the unification could lead to the military conflict inside the new country.

Finally, the formation of the unified state is not profitable for the leading political powers in the region. Obviously, China, Japan, and the Russian Federation do not want the emergence of a powerful state in the region. For example, China supports North Korea in order to balance the impact of the U.S. on the local political situation.

It is possible to conclude that the unification of South and North Korea is not possible in the short-term and even long-term period due to the existence of the significant factors, which prevent the nations from the creation of the new state.

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