1) To begin with, it should be noted, that the word “authority” in the Old Testament is translated from several different words, which depend on their context. In the scope of our research it basically means the power and right to enforce something. Jesus, for example, has authority to judge. According to the Bible this authority is the right to declare and decide what is true and not true. This usually means that the Bible carries the God derived power of proclaiming who God is, or who and what He is not. It tells, who Jesus is, what and why He did on the cross, and what is seriously required of people to be forgiven of their sins.
The authority of scripture can not be derived by its relationship to the Christian church. It should be highlighted, that the Church does not grant authority to the holy text of Bible. Neither is biblical authority derived by a statement where Christians agree that it has authority and only then choose to submit to it. The authority of Scripture is obtained by the virtue of it being inspired and authored by God. It has authority over everyone whether he will be Christian or not.
2) To start up, it should be mentioned that when people argue that Bible is inspired, they usually make a reference to the fact that God influenced the human authors to write His word. In the context of the Scriptures “inspiration” means “God-breathed”. It means that Bible is totally true and makes it unique among all other books.
There are different views as to the position how Bible is inspired, but the fact is that Bible itself claims that any word is any part of the book comes from God. This view of the Scriptures is usually referred to as “verbal plenary” inspiration. It means the inspiration extends to words themselves, not just ideas or concepts. Such inspiration extends to all parts of Scripture.
The extent of inspiration can be clearly seen ina part Timothy 3:16, where it is told, that the whole Scripture is God-breathed and is extremely useful for teaching, correcting, rebuking and training in righteousness. This verse tells, that God truly inspired all Scripture, and that reading of it is profitable to people (Millard, 1998).
3) Inerrancy is the individual view, according to which the Bible is totally true in all subjects it speaks on and about. Biblical inerrancy is not a dogma or doctrine, which can be proven by any posteriori deductive argument. According to Bible texts inerrancy is a position, which is accepted a priori, not by reason, but on faith. Many Biblical and historical references, which support inerrancy, are completely valid and true if one accepts inerrancy. In any case these same references may be interpreted as supporting partial inerrancy.
4) The relationship between inspiration and inerrancy is that inspiration supports inerrancy. Christians believe that God is perfect and the Bible is “God-breathed” or directed to satisfy God’s will. Such position would make sense, when the original autograph of Bible is inerrant. In this sense, two concepts are bound. Although, if Christians could have confidence in the Bible texts, which are present today, there remains the possibility of various different interpretations. This could not be taken as a negative aspect against the doctrine of inerrancy. An interpretation that can possibly contradict what seems to be the clear sense of some other Scripture does not necessarily imply that the text or its part is in error. According to scholars, in such an occasion, the interpretation is at fault, and not the text.
5) It should be noted, that one of the most important Christian doctrines is what people believe about the inspiration, authority and inerrancy of Scripture. In spite of serious debates, that take place for centuries, I choose the fundamental catholic position, which reflects the possibility of a person to make a correct interpretation of Scripture, and to live according to such an interpretation. In my opinion, it is very important to put belief at the first place in such moral questions as relations, love, friendship, which need the ethical basis of discourse. I pay a big attention to the authority of Bible and I think, that the inspiration, which I have while getting touched with Scripture is the best proof of its inerrancy.
Millard, J.Erickson. (1998) Christian Theology. Second Edition. Baker Academic, 225.
2 Timothy 3 (New International version).Retrieved January 31, 2014 from http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2%20Timothy+3