It seems fair to state that the environmental change in Alaska is obvious. According to Judith Kleinfeld, “Alaska’s coastal glaciers are the most rapidly changing on the planet” (Kleinfeld 26-27). Needless to say, that the primary reason for this change is connected with the economic and social decisions taken by the leaders of such states as Canada, the United States, the Russian Federation. At the same time, the general impact of human activities on the global warming also contributes to the examined change. It is rational to observe the pros and cons of human impact on Alaska’s environment.
It is possible to state that one of the fundamental threats to the future of Alaska is the growth of temperature. Evidently, in the current decade, the “average temperature across Alaska has increased by approximately 3°F” (Hobbie 17). It means that the entire ecosystem is in danger due to the uncertain outcomes of the warming. There exists an opinion that the primary cause of warming is the emission of gasses into the planet’s atmosphere as a result of human activities. Another essential threat for the Alaska’s environment is based on the fact that many oil companies extract gas and oil in the territory of Alaska. Thus, any oil spill leads to the significant local crisis with the loss of fauna and flora (Haycox 38). Accordingly, it is hard to ensure the safety of Alaska’s environment due to the regular risks of tanker’s breakage. On the other hand, the long-term study programs provide a chance for people to change the current situation and decrease the risks of a crisis. Thus, human activities helped scientists to better understand the functioning of the environmental processes in Alaska.
It is possible to conclude that the impact of humans on Alaska’s environment is both positive and negative. The global warming led to the destruction of the Alaska’s glaciers. The risks of an oil spill are very high. Fortunately, the scientists develop several theories regarding the protection of the Alaska’s territories from ecological problems.
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Haycox, Stephen. Frigid Embrace: Politics, Economics, and Environment in Alaska. Oregon State University Press. 2002. Print.
Hobbie, John. Alaska’s Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press. 2014. Print.
Kleinfeld, Judith. The Frontier Romance: Environment, Culture, and Alaska Identity. University of Alaska Press. 2012. Print.