Divine Comedy seems to be one of the most prominent literary works in the human history. Dante succeeded to create a touching narrative about human destiny and fundamental spiritual aims. In the current paper, we discuss the allegory of three beasts, the inclusion of Limbo in Inferno, and the issues of Dante’s meeting with Francesca.
The allegory of three beasts
The first task of the research is to define the allegory of the three beasts described in Inferno. A close look at the data indicates that these three beasts are lion, leopard, and she-wolf. The traditional interpretation of these beasts implies the fact that these beasts represent various types of sin. First, the lion is a symbol of pride due to his “head held high” description (Dante, 183). Second, the leopard is a symbol of fraudulence (Brittan, 121). This interpretation is based on the fact that leopard’s spotted hide could probably represent camouflage. Finally, she-wolf is a symbol of avarice and greed because Dante wrote that she “seemed racked with every kind of greediness”.
Inclusion of Limbo in Inferno
The second aim of the current study is to state the reason for the inclusion of Limbo in Inferno. There seems to be no doubt that Dante included Limbo in order to “save” the souls of the most prominent thinkers and leaders of the Ancient epoch. Obviously, they were the representatives of the pagan religion. However, they died before Jesus Christ came to save humanity. Thus, Dante tried to protect them from hell because he respected Aristotle, Plato, and many other philosophers of Ancient Greece. Furthermore, Limbo helped to save the souls of unbaptized infants, who died in childhood.
Main issues in Dante’s meeting with Francesca
Finally, it is necessary to analyze the main issues in Dante’s meeting with Francesca. The data yielded by this study demonstrates that Dante faces the manifestations of betrayal and lust while examining the story of Francesca. Evidently, Francesca betrayed her husband in order to be with Paolo, who was the brother of her husband (Durling, 77). As a result, Francesca’s husband killed lovers and ended up in hell. Some people support Francesca, while Dante criticizes her actions. He argues that love must be lived on the basis of the God’s laws. Consequently, Francesca should be in hell.
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Alighieri, Dante. 2003. Divine Comedy. NAL Publishing. Print.
Brittan, Simon. 2003. Poetry, Symbol, and Allegory: Interpreting Metaphorical Language from Plato to the Present. University of Virginia Press. Print.
Durling, Robert. 2004. Purgatorio: The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Oxford University Press. Print.