It is important to note that the 9/11 attacks are fundamental for the understanding of the modern civilizational conflicts between the two opposite mainstream ideologies. Thus, it is possible to state that the attacks were organized and executed by the representatives of the Al-Qaeda terroristic formation. According to Mark Gabriel (Gabriel 2015), Al-Qaeda is translated from Arabic as “The Fundament” or “The Foundation”. It means that this terrorist group aims to influence the development of the local and even global mentality. Mark Gabriel also points out that Al-Qaeda was founded in the 1980s (Gabriel 2015). It means that the organization has a relatively long history with its unique values. Therefore, it is rational to make an observation of these values to better understand the reasons for the 9/11 act of terrorism.
The analysis of the information about the activities of Al-Qaeda members, such as Osama bin Laden, shows that the primary aim of the organization is to protect the interests of the Islamic community with the help of the radical methods. Thus, the members of Al-Qaeda consider themselves as the warriors of the Salafist movement. The Salafist movement has a purpose of opposing Western colonialism with the help of the ultra-conservative policies. The followers of this movement are also known as Islamist fundamentalists. It is necessary to highlight that many of the Salafists have an extremist worldview, which is also known as jihadism. This worldview asserts that it is beneficial for the Salafists to struggle with all external threats with the help of military methods (Reza 2015). Therefore, the members of Al-Qaeda organization try to protect their interests by killing their enemies. They suppose that their aggressive behavior is approved by Allah.
It is important to state that the practice of terrorism became popular among the Islamic extremists in the 1990s due to the powerful media effect of each successful bombing. Obviously, it is hard for Al-Qaeda to fight openly with the Western coalition. Therefore, terrorism became Al-Qaeda’s basic method of struggle. It becomes clear that the religious beliefs play a huge role in the formation of the terroristic organizations from the Middle East because Islam provides a chance for the leaders of Al-Qaeda and other Islamist extremists to manipulate public opinion and recruit new warriors (Sagini 2015). Needless to say, that several radical Islamist theories were used by the leaders of the terrorists to justify the 9/11 attacks.
The conflict between the Western civilization and the fundamentalists from the Middle East is a result of the Western colonization policies. The ideas of liberalism and individualism are constantly retranslated by many leading Western nations. In the second half of the 20th century, the United States took the leading position in the constant dissemination of democratic values. At the same time, the U.S. government tried to protect the interests of the American corporations by the popularization of the consumerism society. The ideas of equality and freedom of all people became crucial for the process of globalization. On the other hand, the liberalization of relations between people is also associated with the economic policies of free trade. Accordingly, the products of such companies as Pepsi or McDonald’s are the symbols of globalization.
There is no doubt that these Western beliefs outraged some conservative activists of the Middle East. As a result, the ideas of the Salafist movement and many other extremist organizations became popular. It is obvious that some people do not want to follow the ideals of liberalism and individualism. The Asian nations are famous for their tendency to collectivism. Therefore, it is impossible to solve the current conflict without the change of the Western foreign policies or the destruction of radical groups.
It should be concluded that the main reason for the 9/11 attacks is the difference in beliefs between the liberal United States and conservative radicals of the Middle East. Consequently, the war with terrorists occurs on two fronts: ideological and military. This terrorist act led to the formation of the qualitatively new foreign policies developed by the Republican government. Thus, the decision to engage in the Middle East conflict was mostly based on the intention of the nation to prevent some new acts of terrorism inside the country. Accordingly, the struggle against extremism became a crucial aspect of the country’s political strategy for several decades. At the same time, the creation of the coalition against Al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups gave an opportunity for the U.S. to get international support and increase political influence throughout the world.
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Aslan, Reza. (2015). Beyond Fundamentalism: Confronting Religious Extremism in the Age of Globalization. Random House Publications. 243.
Gabriel, Mark. (2015). Islam and Terrorism: The Truth about ISIS. Frontline Press. 240.
Sagini, Meshack. (2015). Globalization: The Paradox of Organizational Behavior. UPA Press. 403.